Alvin McCall, cello, DEBUSSY Sonata for Flute, Viola, and Harp. The notes seem to … In 1905, Ravel tried one final time to win the prestigious composition competition, the Prix de Rome. A concert aria for the harp soloist, the work is luxuriously in D flat major, and features numerous harp cadenzas. PROGRAM NOTES by Kalindi Bellach ©2018. “Eight days of solid work and three sleepless nights allowed me to finish it,” he wrote, adding, “for better or worse.”. While both composers often used harps to color their orchestral scores, Ravel's Introduction and Allegro was the first piece to explore and exploit the full resources of the solo instrument. Among other things, he completed two sonatas: for cello and piano, and for flute, viola, and harp. 46. Each was commissioned to write a piece demonstrating the superiority of one model over the other. The Érard piano company, which supplied the Paris Conservatoire with harps and pianos, countered by requesting a work from Maurice Ravel to be written for the customary double-action harp. A brilliant coda polishes off this tour de force for the harp. Maurice Ravel completed his String Quartet in F major in early April 1903 at the age of 28. 1, Op. Debussy and Ravel were brought into the fray. Peer Gynt Suite No. 1 / 27 min. LeClair – Trio Sonata for Flute, Viola & Harp Debussy – Claire de Lune for Viola & Harp Ravel – Introduction and Allegro Debussy – String Quartet The Introduction and Allegro was written for the pedal harp. / Ravel. Double-tonguing and tremolo figures in the winds with arpeggios in the strings create an unusually rich sonority. 2. Passages in which the first violin takes on the lowest notes of the string choir provide unusual sonorities; similarly the harp often supplies bass notes that one might expect from the accompaniment. The combination of Debussy, Ravel and Franck compositions are a beautiful combination and the recording quality is superb. It's also the finest performance of Ravel's introduction and Allegro I've ever heard. A SCHENKERIAN ANALYSIS OF RAVEL’S INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FROM THE BONNY METHOD OF GUIDED IMAGERY AND MUSIC . ALBERGA String Quartet No. Geoff Hodgkins review of Première Falstaff, Op 68 First World War Music Fringes of the Fleet Froisart, op.19 From The Bavarian Highlands, op 27 Grania and Diarmid, op 42 In the South. In the first years of the 20th Century, Debussy and Ravel were championed as the latest important voices in French Art Music, each playing important roles within an … We had a blast sharing it with friends in a Zoom listening party. “It’s no coincidence that Tailleferre worked closely with Ravel,” says Lilly. Ravel—thirty, flushed with success, health, and friends—wrote the Introduction and Allegro in little more than a week. Artists “I don’t think I’ve ever played this piece the same way twice,” Lilly says. Certain effects in the. Notes: Naxos Digital Services electronic collection. Friends of Music / Fantasy Pieces / Night Music / Diversive Elements / Quintets Old & New. This study gathers image and emotional responses reported by Bruscia et al. Ravel received the commission in 1905 just days before he was to set sail on an extended vacation to Belgium, Holland, and Germany on the Aimée, Alfred and Misia Edwards’s yacht. Program. RAVEL Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Orchestra (at 15:50) Sarah Fuller, harp DIAMOND Elegy in Memory of Maurice Ravel (at 29:40) BRITTEN The Sword in the Stone Concert Suite (at 39:25) ARVO PÄRT Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten (at 53:20) Program Notes Program Book. A Justification by Colin Matthews Elgar-Payne Symphony No3. “I am relearning about music,” he wrote. The customary double-action harp is fashioned with seven pedals, which can make each of the seven notes … Continued User-contributed reviews Tags. Born December 2, 1937, Elkins, West Virginia, Died September 21, 2018, New York, New York, When Katherine Hoover graduated from the Eastman School of Music in the 1950s, there were few models of a female composer. The 10-minute Introduction and Allegro is filled with surprises, one of which is set up by its title, as the slow Introduction lasts just 26 measures before a jump to Allegro—but the tempo does not subsequently stay Allegro, instead making periodic digressions into slower tempos, one coming during a harp cadenza, a rarity in a chamber work. Ravel intended to polish his score during the cruise, and hence had it with him on a quick detour to a chemisier for shirts he had ordered for the journey. 1905 First Perf ormance. / Ravel --Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (10 min. Over that time, one technological advance stands above others: the invention of the pedal mechanism. Introduction and Allegro M.46 Maurice Ravel. Score Dimensions: 10.5" x 13.5" Parts. In 1905, Ravel tried one final time to win the prestigious composition competition, the Prix de Rome. So, “whether he meant to or not,” says Lilly, “Ravel almost singlehandedly proved the superiority of the pedal harp.”, First performance: February 22, 1907, in Paris, Micheline Kahn, harp; Philippe Gaubert, flute; M. Pichard, clarinet; Quartet Firmin Touche; Charles Domergue conducting, First SLSO performance: December 14, 1944, Vladimir Golschmann conducting, Nancy Schaefer, harp, Most recent SLSO performance: October 27, 1986, Joan Tower conducting; Jacob Berg, flute; George Silfies, clarinet; Jacques Israelivitch and Jenny Jones, violins; Thomas Dumm, viola; Savely Schuster, cello; and Frances Tietov, harp, Scoring: harp, flute, clarinet, string quartet. The work follows a four-movement classical structure: the opening movement, in sonata form, presents two themes that occur again later in the work; a playful scherzo second movement is followed by a lyrical slow movement. The work received its first performance on February 22, 1907, in Paris by the Cercle Musical, a group devoted to chamber music. A SCHENKERIAN ANALYSIS OF RAVEL’S INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FROM THE BONNY METHOD OF GUIDED IMAGERY AND MUSIC . Ryan Toher, clarinet PROGRAM NOTES. No. Ravel: Introduction and Allegro Despite its origins in the days of antiquity, the harp did not come into its own as an orchestral instrument until the 19th century. Danse sacrée et profane December 18, 2016: Mariko Anraku, harp; David Chan, concertmaster; Catherine Ro, violin; Dov Scheindlin, viola; Rafael Figueroa, cello Please refer also to the “private little war” in the notes for Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro. In 1810, a French piano builder, Sebasten Erard, patented the modern pedal harp. SHARE. PROGRAM NOTES. The Introduction and Allegro (1905) is one of the few pieces by Ravel that has remained … It was premiered in Paris in March the following year. Ravel—thirty, flushed with success, health, and friends—wrote the Introduction and Allegro in little more than a week. Reflections transports us to ancient Norway. RAVEL Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Orchestra (at 15:50) Sarah Fuller, harp DIAMOND Elegy in Memory of Maurice Ravel (at 29:40) BRITTEN The Sword in the Stone Concert Suite (at 39:25) ARVO PÄRT Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten (at 53:20) Program Notes Program Book. It is sometimes described as a miniature concerto, but it is more usually classified as a genuine chamber music work. LIKE . 6880 - Ravel, Maurice / INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FOR HARP WITH FL/CL/STRINGS Notes. It was premiered in Paris in March the following year. It is written in the key of G-flat major and it is the first piece to explore and exploit the full resources of the solo instrument. Ravel completed his Introduction and Allegro for a septet of harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet in June 1905, dedicating it to Albert Blondel, director of Maison Érard. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (French: Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor) was written by Maurice Ravel in … It could only have been written by someone with a deep understanding of the sonority of the harp and how one’s hands fit onto the strings.”, Performance time: Approximately 11 minutes. Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. Très lent (G ♭ major) Allegro (G ♭ major) Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. Score Dimensions: 10.5" x 13.5" Parts. One of the composer’s letters describes “a week of continuous work and three sleepless nights,” trying to complete the score … ... (05 min. The Daphnis Suite is about as sure-fire a work as any in the repertoire and it gets a smashing … I don’t know if one should laugh at it or cry? Introduction & allegro, pedal harp, instrumental ensemble Title Introduction and Allegro Composer Ravel, Maurice: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. 2 / 15 min. But by the late 19th century, something had shifted. This program features works from this golden age of the harp. 1 / 27 min Program Details and Notes The harpist’s feet get a workout along with the hands: there are a total of … Ravel, indeed, traveled an internal globe throughout his life. Rebecca Boyer Hall, violin In the first years of the 20th Century, Debussy and Ravel were championed as the latest important voices in French Art Music, each playing important roles within an … The Minnesota Orchestra, Twin Cities PBS (TPT) and Classical Minnesota Public Radio are coming together to bring you a new way to experience the Orchestra. MP3 • • • Annotate this sheet music. He called his work desk “a factory of nothingness.”. VIDEO. Maurice Ravel completed his String Quartet in F major in early April 1903 at the age of 28. “ I wanted to let you know that on Saturday, June 22, I played the Ravel Introduction and Allegro using your edition of the piece in a masterclass with Elizabeth Remy Johnson at AHS. Tailleferre’s sonata “is the epitome of delicacy and refinement, and a joy to play. “There was a sense,” she later wrote, “of ‘Who do you think you are, Beethoven?’”. “Before the advent of pedals three hundred years ago,” says Lilly, “the harp was like a piano with only white keys.” At long last, with pedals to adjust the pitch of each string, “the harp could be played in a variety of keys.”, Even after this technological breakthrough, it took time for the harp “to be considered a serious instrument,” says Lilly. 2 / 15 min RAVEL Introduction and Allegro / 10 min BEETHOVEN Symphony No. Certain effects in the Introduction and Allegro were impossible on the non-pedal model. She created variations on this theme through improvisation: “I played for an hour out-of-doors twice a day, usually alone, but sometimes with mimes or storytellers.”, Performance time: Approximately 6 minutes, Born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, In 1915, Debussy thought he was finished. A Justification by Colin Matthews Elgar-Payne Symphony No3. In the first years of the 20th Century, Debussy and Ravel were championed as the latest important voices in French Art Music, each playing important roles within an … Composers found a way to write for the instrument that was “highly complex, yet idiomatic.”. French composer Germaine Tailleferre lived a long and productive life. 18 sec.) French composer Germaine Tailleferre lived a long and productive life. Perhaps both.”, First performance: November 7, 1916, at the New England Conservatory in Boston, by members of the wind ensemble, Longy Club, First SLSO performance: December 4, 1978, Jacob Berg, flute; Thomas Dumm, viola; Frances Tietov, harp, Most recent SLSO performance: March 4, 1996, Jacob Berg, flute; Katy Mattis, viola; Frances Tietov, harp, Performance time: Approximately 16 minutes, Born April 19, 1892, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, France. (2005) to Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro, which is a work included for use in the Bonny Method She achieved early notoriety as a member of the loose composer collective, Debussy and Ravel were brought into the fray. Sponsors. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Introduction and Allegro for harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet (1905). Great performance of a great piece & it’s FREE! Tales from Backstage, at the Hall, and in the Community, Allegra Lilly, harp The Allegro can be thought of as an exposition, development, and recapitulation. Essentially a miniature concerto in the remote but harp-friendly key of G-flat major, it begins in a hushed, dry whisper, revels in the interplay of textures of breathy flute, reedy clarinet and plucked and bowed strings, and flits among … “Eight days of solid work and three sleepless nights allowed me to finish it,” he wrote, adding, “for better or worse.”, Despite its small forces, Lilly thinks of the Introduction and Allegro as a concerto, pointing to its lengthy solo cadenza, and the fact that Ravel writes in the score, “for harp with accompaniment of string quartet, flute, and clarinet.”, But, she adds, “Everything is chamber music unless you’re the only person onstage.” Her harp may be featured, “but there are also moments when the flute, clarinet, or strings take over and the harp takes on a more coloristic or accompanimental role.”, Which model won out? But, hearing a performance of the work, Debussy found it “frightfully melancholy. LIKE . Robert Gross, MM, MA, DMA . Tailleferre’s music breathes the air of Paris on a warm summer’s night. Introduction And Allegro Clarinet – David Shifrin Composed By – Ravel* Ensemble – Tokyo String Quartet Flute – Ransom Wilson: 11:05: Ma Mére L'Oye Composed By – Ravel* (5:06) B2a: Pavane Of The Sleeping Beauty/ Transcription By – Nancy Allen (2) B2b: Laideronnette, Empress Of The Pagodas Transcription By – Vera Dulova: B3: Rêverie Program: Ravel - Introduction and Allegro Bloch - Prayer for Cello and Piano Mozart - "Kegelstatt" Trio Brahms - String Sextet No. The chromatic harp failed: in order to finger chords the strings had to be positioned so close together that they would cause unwanted vibrations against one another in any loud passages. Danse sacrée et profane December 18, 2016: Mariko Anraku, harp; David Chan, concertmaster; Catherine Ro, violin; Dov Scheindlin, viola; Rafael Figueroa, cello Please refer also to the “private little war” in the notes for Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro. Artists Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Alternative names: Joseph-Maurice Ravel; Maurice Joseph Ravel: Description: French conductor, choreographer, pianist, composer and musician: Date of birth/death: 7 March 1875 28 December 1937 Location of birth/death: Ciboure, Département Pyrénées-Atlantiques: Paris: Work period: Impressionism: Authority control: Series Title: Naxos Music Library. M.46 I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. 46. The Introduction and Allegro was written for the pedal harp. Sweetly lyrical, with a touch of tartness that lingers on the tongue, joyful sounds of a dance floor are never far away. The Introduction and Allegro (1905) is one of the few pieces by Ravel that has remained … Happy 250th, Ludwig! Hoover proved the doubters wrong, leading a successful career as a composer, flutist, and teacher. Introduction et Allegro Alt ernative. ABSTRACT . The resulting Introduction and Allegro was dedicated to M. A. Blondel, the director of the Érard company. LeClair – Trio Sonata for Flute, Viola & Harp Debussy – Claire de Lune for Viola & Harp Ravel – Introduction and Allegro Debussy – String Quartet The harp cadenza, just before the recapitulation, effectively recalls themes from the Introduction. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet by Maurice Ravel Performer: Robert Marcellus (Clarinet), Alice Chalifoux (Harp), Maurice Sharp (Flute) War threatened Paris, his marriage was unhappy, and pain from cancer hobbled him. The best known composition here, of which there are now dozens of recordings, is Ravel's "Introduction & Allegro"; but I don't know how many of them communicate the same kind of magic as this inspired reading by Osian Ellis with the Melos Ensemble. IMR 20 Key G-flat major Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 2 sections: Introduction. (2005) to Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro, which is a work included for use in the Bonny Method RAVEL Introduction and Allegro / 10 min. The customary double-action harp is fashioned with seven pedals, which can make each of the seven notes … Continued French composer Maurice Ravel was among the first to push the modern harp to its new chromatic limits in a chamber music context with his septet Introduction and Allegro of 1905—which remains such a cornerstone of the harp repertoire that it appears on many orchestral harp audition lists. Responsibility: RAVEL: String Quartet in F / Introduction and Allegro. The slow Introduction presents material to be used in the Allegro, alternating with themes of its own, in a series of colors and textures that show Ravel’s mastery of orchestration. On his way to Soissons to catch up with the Aimée, Ravel returned to the chemisier who turned out to be an amateur musician. The best known composition here, of which there are now dozens of recordings, is Ravel's "Introduction & Allegro"; but I don't know how many of them communicate the same kind of magic as this inspired reading by Osian Ellis with the Melos Ensemble. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (French: Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor) was written by Maurice Ravel in … This critical edition of Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro includes a preface with historical and performance information on the piece, including a comparison of the separate parts of all seven instruments to the full score with a list of corrections for each instrument. We had a blast sharing it with friends in a Zoom listening party. MP3 • • • Annotate this sheet music. Celebrate by hearing our dear friend Bill Eddi... ns conduct the MInnesota Orchestra in Beethoven’s exuberant, original 1st Symphony. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet, and String Quartet. Friends of Music. Introduction & Allegro (1905) by Maurice Ravel “In my own composition I judge a long period of gestation necessary. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (1905) Approximate duration: 11 minutes. PLAYLIST. Introduction and Allegro M.46 Maurice Ravel. She achieved early notoriety as a member of the loose composer collective, Les Six, but developed her own career over the following seven decades, writing some two hundred works. ALBERGA String Quartet No. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet by Maurice Ravel Performer: Robert Marcellus (Clarinet), Alice Chalifoux (Harp), Maurice Sharp (Flute) Two French companies locked heads over their competing models: Érard's pedal system; and Pleyel’s double strung harp, with a string for each note. Introduction & allegro, pedal harp, instrumental ensemble One of the composer’s letters describes “a week of continuous work and three sleepless nights,” trying to complete the score before the sailing date. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Introduction and Allegro for harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet (1905). Composed: 1905 Instrumentation: Harp, flute, clarinet, 2 violins, viola, and cello. Celebrate by hearing our dear friend Bill Eddi... ns conduct the MInnesota Orchestra in Beethoven’s exuberant, original 1st Symphony. Each was commissioned to write a piece demonstrating the superiority of one model over the other. A writer, broadcaster, and Grammy-winning flutist, he lives in Chicago with his wife, son, and badly-behaved orange cat. Lilly points to a short section where Debussy alters the flow of the music six times, with markings like “slightly faster, gradually,” “always faster,” and “take expressive time.”, “There are a dozen different ways to map out this section.” The sonata takes time, patience, and conversation to prepare. The resulting Introduction and Allegro was dedicated to M. A. Blondel, the director of the Érard company. Ravel’s search for interesting instrumental combinations continues throughout. Grieg's gradual acceleration is all the more effective with the expansion to full orchestra, including bass drum and cymbals. o MAURICE RAVEL (1875-1937): Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet, and Strings Maurice Ravel was born on March 3, 1875 in Ciboure, France, and died on … Both sonatas are fitted into older musical forms, but Debussy’s music flows like liquid around these solid structures, an improvisatory quality that challenges performers. 1, Op. 12 sec.) o MAURICE RAVEL (1875-1937): Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet, and Strings Maurice Ravel was born on March 3, 1875 in Ciboure, France, and died on … This Is Minnesota Orchestra is a series of Friday night concert broadcasts live from Orchestra Hall, hosted by Sarah Hicks. Grieg's gradual acceleration is all the more effective with the expansion to full orchestra, including bass drum and cymbals. “The harp has evolved over thousands of years, from the ancient lyre to the modern concert harp,” says SLSO Principal Harpist Allegra Lilly. PROGRAM NOTES by Kalindi Bellach ©2018. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Introduction and Allegro for harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet (1905). During this interval I come progressively, and with a growing precision, to see the form and the evolution that the final work will take in its totality. The Introduction & Allegro was composed in 1905, after the scandalous reception of his now famous String Quartet in 1903. The principle of steady crescendo leading to climax was echoed by Ravel in Boléro and Arthur Honegger in Pacific 231. At the turn of the twentieth century, two harp manufacturers waged a private little war. Robert Gross, MM, MA, DMA . No. ABSTRACT . Program: Ravel - Introduction and Allegro Bloch - Prayer for Cello and Piano Mozart - "Kegelstatt" Trio Brahms - String Sextet No. PLAYLIST. The firm of Pleyel had commissioned a work from Debussy (Danses sacrée et profane, 1904) to further sales of the newly invented chromatic harp. Happy 250th, Ludwig! Tim Munro is the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra’s Creative Partner. The manuscript was returned to the composer only after much persuasion, and Ravel subsequently met his party at Soissons. The Chicago strings join soloists from the orchestra in the Introduction and Allegro, adding some bloat to a piece originally written for harp, flute, clarinet, and string quartet. Minnesota Orchestra musicians perform a string quartet by Jamaican-born British composer Eleanor Alberga and a shimmering work by French composer Maurice Ravel for harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet. Also on the CD is another fascinating recording, Ravel's Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet recorded in London in 1930 according to the notes accompanying the CD, or in London in 1923 according to the outer CD jewel box label. “I find something new every time I come back to it.”, The sonata was written in a mood of joy and calm. Debussy was offered a seaside villa for the summer, and he came back to life. 6877 - Ravel, Maurice / INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FOR HARP WITH FL/CL/STRINGS Related Scores. At a Glance. 2 / 15 min RAVEL Introduction and Allegro / 10 min BEETHOVEN Symphony No. Two masterpieces of the harp repertoire, one by Ravel and the other by Debussy, owe their existence to a rivalry between manufacturers. Great performance of a great piece & it’s FREE! The future of the modern harp was at stake. The Érard company responded by commissioning Maurice Ravel to write a piece to display the expressive range of its double-action pedal harp. Geoff Hodgkins review of Première Falstaff, Op 68 First World War Music Fringes of the Fleet Froisart, op.19 From The Bavarian Highlands, op 27 Grania and Diarmid, op 42 In the South. BEETHOVEN Symphony No. 2. The notes seem to … Then, respite. Friends of Music / Fantasy Pieces / Night Music / Diversive Elements / Quintets Old & New. Friends of Music. Composed: 1905 Instrumentation: Harp, flute, clarinet, 2 violins, viola, and cello. We’ll bring you fascinating musician interviews, insights into the music, behind-the-scenes footage and more. Reviews. VIDEO. In 1810, a French piano builder, Sebasten Erard, patented the modern pedal harp. Introduction And Allegro Clarinet – David Shifrin Composed By – Ravel* Ensemble – Tokyo String Quartet Flute – Ransom Wilson: 11:05: Ma Mére L'Oye Composed By – Ravel* (5:06) B2a: Pavane Of The Sleeping Beauty/ Transcription By – Nancy Allen (2) B2b: Laideronnette, Empress Of The Pagodas Transcription By – Vera Dulova: B3: Rêverie An Introduction by Anthony Payne Elgar-Payne Symphony No3. This critical edition of Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro includes a preface with historical and performance information on the piece, including a comparison of the separate parts of all seven instruments to the full score with a list of corrections for each instrument. 6880 - Ravel, Maurice / INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FOR HARP WITH FL/CL/STRINGS Notes. Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. Sponsors. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet, and String Quartet. Eva Kozma, violin ALBERGA String Quartet No. The, Ravel—thirty, flushed with success, health, and friends—wrote the, Despite its small forces, Lilly thinks of the, Which model won out? Introduction Et Allegro Composed By – Maurice Ravel: 10:28: Sonate Pour Flute, Alto Et Harpe Composed By – Claude Debussy: 2: I Pastorale: 5:57: 3: II Interlude: 5:04: 4: III Finale: 4:22: Sérénade Composed By – Albert Roussel: 5: I Allegro: 3:56: 6: II Andante: 7:54: 7: III Presto: 4:03: Prélude, Marine Et Chanson Composed By – Guy Ropartz* 8: I Prélude: 4:21: 9: II Marine: 2:56: 10: III Chanson Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Alternative names: Joseph-Maurice Ravel; Maurice Joseph Ravel: Description: French conductor, choreographer, pianist, composer and musician: Date of birth/death: 7 March 1875 28 December 1937 Location of birth/death: Ciboure, Département Pyrénées-Atlantiques: Paris: Work period: Impressionism: Authority control: Jennifer Nitchman, flute SHARE. 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