An alien who is not a permanent resident in South Africa may be admitted to the country only if he or she is issued a valid visa. These remain the only official and credible numbers. It also provides insights into the connections of these changing discourses with the rise of social intolerance of immigration from other African … Facts & Stats South Africa. Immigration records in South Africa are not as difficult to find as one would think. In 2019, regionally, Europe hosts the largest number of international migrants (82 million), followed by Northern America (59 million) and Northern Africa and Western Asia (49 million). The per capita income in South Africa is $2,560 compared to Mozambique's $80 and $650 in Zimbabwe. Foreign residents in South Africa can apply for various permit categories and temporary or permanent residency permits. of immigrants and the already stretched public resources While South Africa has had its share of the health personnel brain drain, many South Africans returned back at the time of global financial Even more troubling is the fact that Stats SA does not seem to trust its own hard work, estimates and figures about international migration. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. According to the 2011 Census, 75% of immigrants in South Africa are from the African continent, with the remaining immigrant population from outside Africa estimated to be about 520,000. This constitutes about 7.2% of the entire population, and out of this group around 2 million are women. UNDESA is suggesting the number of immigrants in South Africa has doubled between 2010 and 2017. The per capita income in South Africa is $2,560 compared to Mozambique's $80 and $650 in Zimbabwe. Source: Migration Policy Institute Source: Migration Policy Institute Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security However, it is highly questionable that the number of immigrants has doubled since 2011. 1.1. Circulating unsupported claims that South Africa has experienced a dramatic doubling of its immigrant population in only a few years suggests the county has been overrun by foreigners. Whatever the actual immigration number, it easily outstrips emigration from South Africa. The best way to address this is through honest and factual reporting of data. BBC wrote that there are between two and five million immigrants in the country. How do immigrants fit into the South African economy? The current police to population ratio is approximately 1:308 (SAPS – April 2011). The number of immigrants living in South Africa has been hotly contested for many years. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. Statistics South Africa (StatsSA) measures the number of people living in the country in its censuses every 10 years. Major immigration law changes to hit South Africa hard: expert [9] Stats SA, Documented Immigrants in SA (2012 – 2015) [10] Business Tech, 5 November 2018. According to Statistics South Africa 's 2011 census, 6.2 million foreigners live in South Africa, [2] and the organisation's 2015 estimate places the number of undocumented migrants between 1 200 000 and 1 500 000 undocumented migrants. While it is possible that some undocumented migrants were not counted in the 2011 Census, this was corrected for by Stats SA in the final figure using the weighting factor that adjusts for possible undercount. The 2011 census reported that more than 75% of foreign-born (international) migrants living in South Africa came from the African continent. South Africa has various classes of visa. The claims by UNDESA are all the more remarkable when put in perspective. South Africa Area and Population Density. The South African 2011 Census found that there were 2.2 million immigrants in a country of 52 million in 2011. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. How many immigrants live in South Africa? The last South African census, taken in 2011, counted 2.2 million immigrants, comprising almost 6 percent of the overall population. Alexander Joe Figures from South Africa’s 2011 Census suggest that 3.3% — or about 1.7-million — of the country’s 51.7-million population are “non-South African” citizens. At the 2001 Census, the final declared total for resident citizens in South Africa was 44,819,778. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. The Archives of the Colonial Office records held in the Cape Town Archives are a rich source is tracing your ancestors first steps into the Country. Immigrants come despite xenophobia – and create jobs. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. It is highly unlikely that South Africa, with no war raging next door, has doubled the immigrant population since the last time statistics were collected in 2011. According to official statistics, South Africa is home to about 268,000 refugees and asylum seekers, mainly from Somalia, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and the DR Congo. (The data in this analysis predates executive action on immigration in early 2017.) Violence against immigrants has created a diplomatic crisis. Although this is an important and dangerous type of … The survey results demonstrate the ugly reality of violent anti-immigrant hate crime in South Africa. The current police to population ratio is approximately 1:308 (SAPS – April 2011). South Africa Area and Population Density. Please check your download folder. The World Health Organization has reported that the Republic of South Africa has over 1,400,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19. Data collated by the World Bank and the United Nations also implied a migrant population of about 1.86-million folks. Another country that has seen a massive increase of refugees between 2011-2017 is Turkey. Facts & Stats South Africa. The third round of the survey (Wave 3) focused on migration and education issues for persons residing in South Africa who are read more » It is estimated that South Africa also has at least 500,000 undocumented immigrants. But the dangerous, irresponsible and unsubstantiated estimates and guesswork are back. Achille Mbembe writes about Xenophobic South Africa, Belonging—Why South Africans Refuse to let Africa in. Findings from the 2018 OECD-ILO study ‘How Immigrants Contribute to South Africa’s Economy’ and the Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) report ‘Labour market outcomes 2012 and 2017 of migrant populations in South Africa’ are combined in the remainder of this brief. The remainder are from the six countries of North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia. Whatever the actual immigration number, it easily outstrips emigration from South Africa. There were approximately 370 thousand refugees in South Africa in 2019, the m… It also includes refugees. In South Africa two provinces – Gauteng and Western Cape – stand out among the full complement of nine – as the most attractive destinations for labour migrants. South African political parties are already outdoing each other by trying to mobilize voters based on their and voters’ xenophobia. Where did the five million figure come from? South Africa is a nation bordered by impoverished neighbors. Another variant strain, known as … A key destination country for migrant labourers from across Africa and Asia, South Africa’s relationship with foreigners has been marked by turmoil in recent years. Immigrants come despite xenophobia – … For your immigration to South Africa, whether you move to South Africa or come for a visit, you must have a valid visa or residency permit when entering the country. Dr Savo Heleta is a researcher at Nelson Mandela University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Africa Check examined the above-mentioned claim referenced by UNDESA that South Africa was a host to 1.1 million asylum seekers in 2016 and found that the figure was “based on a flawed reading of the available data” and incorrect. SA’s population is the 27th largest in the world (there are 230 countries, only 80 have a population in excess of 10 million). The paper provides a critical appraisal of changes that have marked the political discourses on immigration from within and outside the Southern Africa region in the aftermath of the 1994 elections in the Republic of South Africa. Other regions accounting for significant shares were Europe and Canada (13.5 percent), the Caribbean (9.6 percent), Central America (7.9 percent), South America (6.7 percent), the Middle East (4 percent) and sub-Saharan Africa (3.9 percent). The majority of African migrants move between countries on the continent. And while economic migrants make up a large part of the immigrant population, there is no reason why the numbers would have increased so dramatically in such a short period of time. African migrants from SADC countries contributed the vast majority of this, making up 68% of total international migrants. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. In academic circles such publications are known as predatory journals that publish anything for a price. Landau said that adding more than a million asylum seekers on top of the 2.2 million immigrants counted in the 2011 Census is nothing but bogus. Instead of questioning UNDESA’s figures, South Africa’s statistician-general, Risenga Maluleke, wrote in a recent piece in Africa Check that Stats SA “estimates that there are approximately 4 million foreign-born people in South Africa at this point in time.” Maluleke offers no data or evidence to substantiate this figure. This constitutes about 7.2% of the entire population, and out of this group around 2 million are women. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. South Africa’s immigration system is controlled by the Immigration Act and its subsidiary legislation, the Immigration Regulations. Protecting South Africa’s elderly. Image credit Kim Davies via Flickr. South Africa is losing skills. “We are a diverse multi-cultural society that draws on the rich experiences and capabilities of people from across the continent and across the world. Statistics from the Yearbook of Immigration Statistics confirm this point. Overall, more than 2 million immigrants have come from the 51 countries that comprise sub-Saharan Africa, making up 84 percent of the 2.4 million immigrants from the entire African continent. The majority of immigrants received temporary residence permits (94%) as only 4,136 permanent residence permits (6%) were approved and granted in 2014 (compared to 6,801 in 2013). Why has this country historically represented a “circle of death” for anything and anybody ‘African’? South Africa is a popular expat destination and the latest statistics show that just over 3% of the country's population are foreigners. This ranks South Africa as the 9th best; There are 195,000 in the employ of SA Police. In 2019, there were 4.2 million international migrants in South Africa. This estimate is based on the work of the Population Division of the UN’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA). Another discrepancy in the UNDESA 2017 estimate is the origin of immigrants in South Africa. These censuses include the numbers of foreign-born people (the questionnaire specifically asks about the respondent’s country of birth, which does not necessarily indicate citizenship or residency status). South Africa is a popular expat destination and the latest statistics show that just over 3% of … And this time, these are the work of the United Nations and its agencies. South Africa is a nation bordered by impoverished neighbors. Related Zambia deports 115 illegal immigrants If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. 1850-1890 Passengers arriving in South African Ports- by the The Genealogical Society of South Africa Estimates that have been published vary widely. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. 4 real facts about emigration in South Africa [8] Business Tech, 5 November 2018. The number of immigrants living in South Africa has been hotly contested for many years. The total net migration rate is increasing by 2.5 percent. Both the government and the main opposition party want to build higher fences at the border to prevent foreigners from coming in and undermining South Africa’s security and prosperity. Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) has released the third and final round of a series of three online web-based surveys to measure the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on individuals in the country. Never mind that the research shows that immigrants do not steal jobs from South Africans, or that foreigners are not responsible for high levels of crime. According to Statistics South Africa 's 2011 census, 6.2 million foreigners live in South Africa, and the organisation's 2015 estimate places the number of undocumented migrants between 1 200 000 and 1 500 000 undocumented migrants. No accurate estimates of the number of undocumented migrants living in South Africa exist. South Africa is the number one destination for African migrants, according to figures from the United Nations (UN) which Landau cited. Downtown Johannesburg. (The data in this analysis predates executive action on immigration in early 2017.) This ranks South Africa as the 9th best; There are 195,000 in … South Africa’s immigration system is controlled by the Immigration Act and its subsidiary legislation, the Immigration Regulations. Statistics from the Yearbook of Immigration Statistics confirm this point. The paper provides a critical appraisal of changes that have marked the political discourses on immigration from within and outside the Southern Africa region in the aftermath of the 1994 elections in the Republic of South Africa. Among the top 10 countries by refugee arrival in 2015, four were in Africa: Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and Eritrea. According to the Migration Data Portal run by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in 2017, South Africa was home to four million immigrants. If we add a million people who are estimated by Stats SA to have immigrated between 2011-2016, minus about 400,000 foreigners deported from the country by the Department of Home Affairs during the same time period, we get about 2.8 million immigrants in South Africa in 2016. Politicians claim that foreigners are the main reason for high crime rates; immigrants are blamed for the hardships experienced by millions of poor South Africans and for overrunning and taking over South Africa’s cities. The UN and South Africa's Statistics Service are exaggerating immigrant numbers and playing with people's lives in South Africa. There is no good reason to think they reflect a million people still in the country who have not already been counted.” A recent report on migration in South Africa by the World Bank confirms that asylum seekers and refugees are “covered by the population census as any other international migrant.”. [3] The survey results demonstrate the ugly reality of violent anti-immigrant hate crime in South Africa. FACTSHEET: How many international migrants ... - Africa Check 4 real facts about emigration in South Africa [8] Business Tech, 5 November 2018. It is estimated that South Africa also has at least 500,000 undocumented immigrants. Estimates that have been published vary widely. In terms of population density, that equated to 41.4 people living in every square kilometer of land (107.2 per square mile) and the country’s sparseness was highlighted by the fact that it was only the 169 th biggest in the world for … A basic calculation, using the Stats SA’s own publicly available up-to-date figures, shows that this is wrong. Again, this makes sense in light of the ongoing war in neighboring Syria which has forced millions of people to leave their homes. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. Among the top 10 countries by refugee arrival in 2015, four were in Africa: Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and Eritrea. With the national polls slated for 2019, anti-immigrant and xenophobic rhetoric and hate-mongering are on the increase as the electioneering heats up. South Africa is struggling to define a post-apartheid migration policy that is responsive to its changing role in Africa, the relationship between migration and development, and the country's rampant xenophobia, seen most graphically in May 2008. South Africa Immigration Statistics 1960-2021, South Africa immigration statistics for 2015 was, South Africa immigration statistics for 2010 was, South Africa immigration statistics for 2005 was, South Africa immigration statistics for 2000 was. Africa is often seen as a continent of mass displacement and migration caused by poverty and violent conflict. Emigration is not only effecting the current skill pool in the … The South African 2011 Census found that there were 2.2 million immigrants in a country of 52 million in 2011. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. 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